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Welcome to part 2 of the mortgage jargon-busting blog

Our mortgage jargon-busting blog continues here and will help you navigate the terms you’re likely to encounter as you search for your new home in 2023.

GAS SAFETY RECORD
A document legally required of all landlords to demonstrate that all gas appliances have been checked by a qualified engineer and declared safe.

GAZUMPING
An alternative buyer makes a higher offer to buy a property that is already under offer.

GAZUNDERING
When the buyer lowers their offer to buy a property at the last minute, just before contracts are exchanged.

GROUND RENT
A charge paid by a leasehold owner to a freehold owner of a property, usually on an annual basis.

HOMEBUYER REPORT
See ‘Survey’.

INTEREST-ONLY MORTGAGE
Interest is paid on the mortgage each month without repaying any of the capital loan itself.

INVENTORY
A document stating the contents and condition of a property at the start and end of a tenancy period to record any loss or damage.

LAND REGISTRY
The registry of ownership of land and property in the UK, to which a fee is paid when ownership changes hands.

LEASEHOLD
A type of property ownership (see also ’Freehold’) that indicates that an individual has purchased the right to live in a property for a fixed period, although the land and building belong to a freehold owner.

LISTED BUILDING
A property or structure that appears on a register due to it’s special historic or architectural interest.

LOAN-TO-VALUE (LTV)
The size of the mortgage as a percentage of the property’s value.

MARKET VALUE
The estimated value that a property would sell for at the current time on the open market.

MORTGAGE VALUATION
A report on the value of a property by an independent surveyor on behalf of the mortgage provider.

NEGATIVE EQUITY
A state in which the owner of a property owes more to their mortgage provider than the total value of the property.

OFFSET MORTGAGE
Mortgage linked with savings and, sometimes, current account. Credit balances are offset against the mortgage debt, so interest is only paid on the difference while also paying off the capital.

REMORTGAGE
Changing a mortgage without moving property to save money, change to a different type of mortgage or to release equity from the property.

REPAYMENT MORTGAGE
Paying off the mortgage interest and part of the capital of the loan each month. Unless any repayments are missed, the mortgage is guaranteed to be paid by the end of the term.

SEARCHES
Checks are conducted as part of the conveyancing process before a property sale is made final.

SHARE OF FREEHOLD
A form of property ownership (see also ‘Freehold’ and ‘Leasehold’)  where several individuals own a portion of the property through a limited company.

SOLE AGENT INSTRUCTION
A sale or tenancy managed by a single estate or letting agent.

STAMP DUTY/LAND AND BUILDINGS TRANSACTION TAX/LAND TRANSACTION TAX
On 23 September 2022, the government increased the nil￾rate threshold of Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) from £125,000 to £250,000 for all purchasers of
residential property in England and Northern Ireland and increased the nil-rate threshold paid by first-time buyers from £300,000 to £425,000.
The maximum purchase price for First-Time Buyers’ Relief was increased from £500,000 to £625,000. Following the Autumn Statement 2022 this is now a temporary SDLT reduction. The SDLT cut will remain in place until 31 March 2025. If you’re buying a second home, you’ll usually have to pay 3% on top of Stamp Duty rates if buying a new residential property.

If you’re buying a home in Scotland you will pay Land and Buildings Transaction Tax (LBTT) on properties costing more than £145,000. If you’re buying an additional property, you might need to pay an extra 4% on the total purchase price of the property, as well as the standard rates of LBTT that may apply.

If you’re buying a home in Wales you will pay Land Transaction Tax (LTT) if the property costs more than £180,000. If you’re buying your main home, you will pay no LTT on purchases under £250,000. If you’re buying an additional property, you will need to pay the higher residential rates for each band.

STANDARD VARIABLE RATE (SVR)
A lender will charge the default mortgage interest rate after the initial mortgage deal period ends.

SUBJECT TO CONTRACT
A phase of a property sale after an offer has been made and accepted but before contracts have been signed and exchanged.

SURVEY
A qualified surveyor conducts a property inspection and reports to identify issues or faults with the property that may affect its safety or value.

TENANCY/TENANT
A period in which an individual is granted the right to live in a specified property, subject to a tenancy agreement and the individual involved.

TRACKER MORTGAGE
The interest rate on the mortgage tracks the Bank of England base rate at a set margin above or below it.

TRANSFER DOCUMENT
The document that legally transfers the rights to a property from one party to another.

UNDER OFFER
A phase of a property sale after an offer has been made.

VALUATION
An appraisal of a property to establish its market value.

VARIABLE RATE MORTGAGE
The interest rate on the mortgage can go up or down according to the lender’s standard variable rate.